Glossary

N

NE
Network element: a facility or equipment used in the provision of a telecoms service. This term also encompasses the features, functions and capabilities delivered via the facility/equipment.
NECA
National Exchange Carrier Association (US)
Net neutrality
Network neutrality: the concept that all like internet content must be treated alike and move at the same speed over the network.
Network elements
Telecoms hardware (ie CPU-based infrastructure) that provides the switching and transport functions and contains the network operations functions.
NGN
Next-generation network
NGOSS
New generation operations systems and software: the Telemanagement Forum’s programme defining a comprehensive, integrated framework for developing, procuring and deploying operational and business support systems and software for service providers and their suppliers.
NMS
Network management system
NNI
Network-to-Network Interface
NOC
Network Operations Centre
Node
A point of connection into a network.
NP
Number portability: where telecoms subscribers can retain telephone numbers when switching from one carrier to another, changing their location, or service type.